What Are Trading Indicators?

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Dec 14 2022
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What Should Be Known About Trading Indices?

Stock indexes give investors wide opportunities within the trading process. Such indicators help assess the condition of a particular group of assets. Usually, these are shares of certain huge companies. The modern market offers dealers plenty of various indices. However, specialists advise trading indices solely by applying trustworthy online brokers’ (such as fbs.com) services. This is because traders risk being deceived when employing dubious brokerage websites.


Key Trading Indices Features

Charles Dow created the first stock index in 1896. The indicator contained the shares of the 12 heftiest US enterprises. Nowadays, this index is called in favor of its inventor – the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA). Currently, the indicator includes many more huge US companies.


What Is Actually a Stock Index?

Trading indices allow dealers to track the dynamics of a particular sector, exchange, and securities group. Moreover, these indicators assist in concluding certain industries’ movement direction. Stock indices are calculated based on features of particular assets (for instance, depositary receipts, bonds, or shares).

Furthermore, investors may employ trading indexes for general market analysis. But that’s possible only if the specified parameters cover all the exchange shares or if the securities capitalization included in the composition is closely equal to the general market capitalization. Thus, dealers should consider the shifts in the described indicators but not pay great attention to their value when analyzing indexes.

What Should Be Known About Trading Indices

What Are Trading Indices Types?

Experts highlight the following main kinds of specified indicators:

  1. National ones – reveal the ongoing assets’ conditions within a certain country. These indices sometimes involve solely huge-cap enterprises. DJIA, which was mentioned earlier, is a great example of the national index.
  2. Regional ones – allow tracking assets from particular parts of the world (America, Europe, Asia, etc.). These indicators assist in comparing certain states’ success with the entire area’s capitalization.
  3. Global indices – enable tracking assets across the world. Global scale involves values like the entire stock market. So, emerging or frontier markets aren’t commonly represented here. This is due to they can’t influence the general trend essentially because of their smallness.

Traders should consider that stock indices reflect the general picture of their asset groups’ condition solely. So, certain enterprises’ share trends may differ from the index trend.


What Do Indices Prices Depend On?

Initially, it’s worth noting that huge corporations’ financial success affects trading indexes. If a company’s shares are listed on a stock exchange, this enterprise has to regularly publish its financial statement (every six months or quarterly, depending on the exchange). So, indices movements become larger during the reporting period. That’s because investors react to huge corporations’ financial results. Moreover, indexes depend on the following:

  • financial and economic news (about particular countries’ GDP, interest rates’ movements, etc.);
  • currency fluctuations (this is especially true for the indexes including shares of companies that receive most of their income abroad);
  • geopolitical situation (trading wars, military conflicts, elections, and so on);
  • prices of raw materials (e.g., if an index includes shares of oil or gas corporations);
  • significant structural changes in large companies.

Traders may get more helpful information on this topic in thematic blogs (for instance, on the FBS official website).

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